Afghanistan is adversely affected by poorly performing and non-transparent administrative structures. Government institutions at national level are weak and frequently characterised by corruption, arbitrariness and personal interests, and are virtually non-existent in many places at provincial and district level. Many public employees are inadequately trained. The Afghan state is also highly dependent on external financial support. Many of the services provided by public authorities rely on support from externally funded consultants. Consequently, improvements and social services are often seen as being provided by the international community rather than the Afghan state itself. Non-state power holders, informal processes and corruption further limit the effectiveness of the state’s institutions.
The government is also confronted with ethnic, religious and tribal groups’ demands for greater political, economic and cultural participation. Additionally, there is a lack of confidence in the ability of the Afghan Government to take effective action. This increases the risk of parallel structures emerging.
The German Government is therefore assisting Afghanistan to develop its administrative bodies and state structures. The focus is on fighting corruption in the long term and training administrative staff in the proper provision of services for citizens, thereby boosting public confidence in government bodies.
For further information about our work in the priority area of good governance, please see the project descriptions and the ‘Stories’ section.