Kunduz

Kunduz Province is located in north-eastern Afghanistan where it borders on Tajikistan. Most of the province’s one million-plus residents live in the Kunduz River valley. Only one third of the population resides in cities. Dari, Pashtu and Uzbek are the main languages spoken in Kunduz.


The province faces several challenges. Despite electricity being imported from Tajikistan, large areas of Kunduz have no power. Coupled with the volatile security situation, this adversely affects people’s willingness to invest in the region. There is a lack of employment opportunities, clean drinking water and roads throughout the province.

Despite these challenges, Kunduz has great potential for development. Roads run from the Tajik border across the Salang Pass to Kabul, and from the east to the west of the province. Kunduz also has an airport. Its climate, soils and irrigation systems make it suitable for agriculture. Kunduz is the second most fertile province in Afghanistan after Baghlan. Nomads use the lowlands to pasture their flocks and herds. Its proximity to Tajikistan means that Kunduz has developed a rich trading tradition.

The German Cooperation with Afghanistan has been working in Kunduz for many years. Current programmes focus on economic development, education, the rule of law, capacity development for regional government organisations, energy supply, water supply, and waste water disposal. A wide range of programmes have helped to effect change and improve local people’s living conditions.

This section provides you with an overview of the German Cooperation with Afghanistan’s activities in Kunduz.

Projects in Focus

Building for political stability Since the end of the civil war in Afghanistan, significant progress has been made in civil reconstruction in northern Afghanistan. Urgently needed basic services were created in the areas of education, access to water and medical care. However, state institutions are still barely able to provide the population with basic services and public care. more
Citizen-Focused Policing At present, the Afghan National Police (ANP) are not fully able to perform their tasks of enforcing law and order and responding to citizens enquiries. Police work is made difficult not only by the tense security situation in Afghanistan. more
Clean Energy as a Driver of Development A regular electricity supply is something very few Afghans can take for granted. Although the Afghan government is implementing a new master plan for the electricity sector and has a national strategy for renewable energy, still only around a quarter of the population are connected to the power grid. more
Drinking Water for Northern Afghanistan Clean drinking water is a scarce commodity for people living in Afghanistan. Although the supply of clean water has improved, the Afghan population often only has access to polluted drinking water, which frequently results in cholera, typhoid fever and diarrhoeal diseases. more
Greater Stability in Northern Afghanistan Living conditions are difficult in remote northern parts of Afghanistan. Most inhabitants depend on agriculture and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. There are few other jobs with better earning opportunities. more
Improving Health Care Provision for the Afghan People Even though life expectancy in Afghanistan has increased, maternal mortality is still high. According to World Bank figures, there are 396 deaths per 100,000 live births. Infant and child mortality rates are also among the highest in the world. more
Kunduz-Khulm National Highway – Infrastructure Triggers Economic Revival The road network in northern Afghanistan is not adequately developed. The roads are in a poor state of repair. Some have been destroyed by fighting, but most were already unsurfaced dirt or gravel tracks even before. In many areas there is no direct connection between towns, while other rural areas have practically no road links. more
Legal certainty for all citizens The Afghan Constitution, adopted in 2004, guarantees equal rights for men and women. This is also reflected in the international human rights treaties signed by Afghanistan. While many new laws and policy programmes adhere to the spirit of the new legal system, their implementation is slow. more
Strengthening Governance Structures for Better Infrastructure The living conditions in northern Afghanistan continue to be poor. The majority of the population has only limited access to basic infrastructure and public services. There is a lack of roads, bridges, clean drinking water, irrigation systems for agriculture, energy supply, flood protection, and schools, among other things. more
Sustainable Economic Development and Employment Promotion Economic growth in Afghanistan has been stagnating for years. The difficult security situation in the country and the political uncertainty are having a negative impact on the investment climate and the job market. The many returnees and internally displaced persons further exacerbate the already strained labour market. more

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