Consisting of 17 districts, the rural province of Takhar is located in north-eastern Afghanistan, where it borders Tajikistan. Around one million people live within its 12,000 square kilometre territory.

The province faces a number of major challenges. The remote geographical location of a number of districts, sluggish economic growth, poverty, a lack of education among the rural population, and a volatile security situation in some areas hinder progress and development. Almost 90% of the population live in rural areas. The near inaccessibility of several districts means that their residents often have to rely on horses and donkeys for transport. Schools and health centres are difficult to reach. Natural disasters such as avalanches and floods are a frequent occurrence. The provincial economy is largely based on the service and agricultural sectors. Local people generate most of their income through the sale of agricultural products from this relatively fertile and water-rich region and the manufacture of ceramics, jewellery and rugs.

The German Cooperation with Afghanistan has been working in Takhar for many years, with a particular focus on promoting the rule of law, developing the capacity of regional government organisations, encouraging sustainable economic development, and improving drinking water and energy supplies. A wide range of programmes have helped to effect change and improve local people’s living conditions.

This section provides you with an overview of German Cooperation with Afghanistan’s activities in Takhar.


Projects in Focus

Building for political stability Since the end of the civil war in Afghanistan, significant progress has been made in civil reconstruction in northern Afghanistan. Urgently needed basic services were created in the areas of education, access to water and medical care. However, state institutions are still barely able to provide the population with basic services and public care. more
Citizen-Focused Policing At present, the Afghan National Police (ANP) are not fully able to perform their tasks of enforcing law and order and responding to citizens enquiries. Police work is made difficult not only by the tense security situation in Afghanistan. more
Clean Energy as a Driver of Development A regular electricity supply is something very few Afghans can take for granted. Although the Afghan government is implementing a new master plan for the electricity sector and has a national strategy for renewable energy, still only around a quarter of the population are connected to the power grid. more
Cross-Border Development and Cooperation Life in the border regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Tajikistan is difficult, not least because of the prevailing natural conditions. The landscape of north-eastern Afghanistan, where the country borders Tajikistan and Pakistan, is characterised by mountains, glaciers and gorges. People living further south, along the border with Pakistan, have to contend with the harsh conditions of steppes and deserts. Temperatures are extreme, with bitterly cold winters in the mountains and intense heat in summer in the steppes and deserts. more
Drinking Water for Northern Afghanistan Clean drinking water is a scarce commodity for people living in Afghanistan. Although the supply of clean water has improved, the Afghan population often only has access to polluted drinking water, which frequently results in cholera, typhoid fever and diarrhoeal diseases. more
Greater Stability in Northern Afghanistan Living conditions are difficult in remote northern parts of Afghanistan. Most inhabitants depend on agriculture and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. There are few other jobs with better earning opportunities. more
Improving Health Care Provision for the Afghan People Even though life expectancy in Afghanistan has increased, maternal mortality is still high. According to World Bank figures, there are 396 deaths per 100,000 live births. Infant and child mortality rates are also among the highest in the world. more
Legal certainty for all citizens The Afghan Constitution, adopted in 2004, guarantees equal rights for men and women. This is also reflected in the international human rights treaties signed by Afghanistan. While many new laws and policy programmes adhere to the spirit of the new legal system, their implementation is slow. more
Sustainable Economic Development and Employment Promotion Economic growth in Afghanistan has been stagnating for years. The difficult security situation in the country and the political uncertainty are having a negative impact on the investment climate and the job market. The many returnees and internally displaced persons further exacerbate the already strained labour market. more
Strengthening Governance Structures for Better Infrastructure The living conditions in northern Afghanistan continue to be poor. The majority of the population has only limited access to basic infrastructure and public services. There is a lack of roads, bridges, clean drinking water, irrigation systems for agriculture, energy supply, flood protection, and schools, among other things. more

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