Located in northern Afghanistan, the mountainous province of Samangan consists of seven districts. Dari and Pashtu are the main languages. Over 90% of the province’s 390,000-plus residents live in rural areas, often in very remote regions.

Local people earn their livelihoods primarily from agriculture, even though most of the agricultural land is not adequately irrigated. Drought and flooding can lead to sudden food shortages and income shortfalls. Besides agriculture, coal mining and brown marble extraction are sources of employment.

An inadequate water supply is one of the main challenges for the population. Just 20% of households have access to clean drinking water. Even the provincial capital Aybak relies on tankers to supply its drinking water. Many of the remote villages have no electricity, schools or health care.

The German Cooperation with Afghanistan has been working in Samangan for many years, with a particular focus on education, energy supply, health care, agricultural development, water supply, and waste water disposal. A wide range of programmes have helped to effect change and improve local people’s living conditions.

This section provides you with an overview of the German Cooperation with Afghanistan’s activities in Samangan.

Projects in Focus

Building for political stability Since the end of the civil war in Afghanistan, significant progress has been made in civil reconstruction in northern Afghanistan. Urgently needed basic services were created in the areas of education, access to water and medical care. However, state institutions are still barely able to provide the population with basic services and public care. more
Citizen-Focused Policing At present, the Afghan National Police (ANP) are not fully able to perform their tasks of enforcing law and order and responding to citizens enquiries. Police work is made difficult not only by the tense security situation in Afghanistan. more
Clean Energy as a Driver of Development A regular electricity supply is something very few Afghans can take for granted. Although the Afghan government is implementing a new master plan for the electricity sector and has a national strategy for renewable energy, still only around a quarter of the population are connected to the power grid. more
Electricity transmission for northern Afghanistan Seventy per cent of Afghanistan’s population has to make do without access to the public power grid. Just 1.3 million households in the country are connected to the electricity network, most of them in urban areas. Less than ten per cent of the rural population has access to the power grid, although this is where three-quarters of Afghans live. more
Experts for the Reconstruction of Afghanistan Significant progress has been made in recent years in reconstructing Afghan ministries and administrative systems. Today, Afghan institutions are increasingly managing reconstruction and donor coordination themselves. more
Improving Education for a Better Future for Afghanistan A good education is scarce for children in northern Afghanistan. According to UNICEF, 3.7 million school-age children in Afghanistan do not attend school – 60 per cent of them girls. War and armed conflicts have left deep scars. In many locations, teaching is taking place in tents and dilapidated buildings, even today. more
Integrating Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) – More than a Logistical Challenge In order to improve conditions for IDPs over the long term, the German Government is assisting Afghanistan with the implementation of the National Policy on Internally Displaced Persons which, among other things, supports their local integration. more
Legal certainty for all citizens The Afghan Constitution, adopted in 2004, guarantees equal rights for men and women. This is also reflected in the international human rights treaties signed by Afghanistan. While many new laws and policy programmes adhere to the spirit of the new legal system, their implementation is slow. more
Sustainable Economic Development and Employment Promotion Economic growth in Afghanistan has been stagnating for years. The difficult security situation in the country and the political uncertainty are having a negative impact on the investment climate and the job market. The many returnees and internally displaced persons further exacerbate the already strained labour market. more
Strengthening Governance Structures for Better Infrastructure The living conditions in northern Afghanistan continue to be poor. The majority of the population has only limited access to basic infrastructure and public services. There is a lack of roads, bridges, clean drinking water, irrigation systems for agriculture, energy supply, flood protection, and schools, among other things. more


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